Natural disasters occur irrespective of political boundaries, social or economic considerations. They occur, often without prior warning, leaving behind a trail of destruction, damage, loss and intense trauma, thereby, having a crippling effect on life.
Disaster management, thus, requires a balanced emphasis on all facets: psychological, economic, social restructuring, ecological adaptation, etc. therefore, as a part of disaster mitigation and management, it is imperative to go beyond the traditional focus of relief and rehabilitation. Disaster mitigation and management programs must adopt a participatory and community based approach in responding to disasters. Community participation ensures exact identification of needs. This, in turn, leads to speedy implementation of programs. It also creates self reliance among communities and a better preparedness for future disasters.
Disasters and development have usually been deemed as distinct entities, without any direct relation with the social, economic, institutional or political initiatives dealing with development. It has been seen that though relief work is initiated immediately in the form of temporary assistance like flood, clothing and shelter, rehabilitation of communities takes a very long time. This proves the ineffectiveness of the top-down approach in responding to disaster. Since the community is not directly involved, they just accept whatever is being done for them by others. In the end, after all the relief activity recedes, they are back to square one. Thus a multi-pronged strategy for risk management comprising prevention, preparedness, response and recovery on the one hand and initiation of development efforts aimed towards risk reduction and mitigation, on the other, is needed. It is here that ICECD interventions have made a tremendous impact.
The community based approach also ensures that any post disaster developmental activity remains sustainable. After the relief work subsides, the community is at a loss to find means of sustaining themselves. ICECD has worked to provide help in the form of self-sustaining community development.
ICECD’s Economic Rehabilitation models have achieved remarkable results. For instance, after the earthquake in India in January 2001, ICECD’s interventions enabled:
- 3000 youth to get employment
- New opportunities to be created in Village Service Centers for 200 entrepreneurs covering 50 villages
- A Community Based Organization of 600 women members managing disaster mitigation to work through own funds along with providing social security
The program aims at all round rehabilitation of vulnerable victims hit by disasters like earthquakes, cyclones, droughts, floods etc. The focus is on sharing these strategies with organizations that will enable them to:
- Facilitate fast recovery of victims from shocks, trauma and depression and build hope and confidence in them
- Empower victims to access emerging opportunities, through capacity building in employment/self employment activities, and acquiring the ability to manage these activities
- Provide the opportunity to organizations to design and implement need based disaster mitigation strategies and innovative programs on risk reduction
- Provide a comprehensive view on disaster and help organizations to develop long term measures to combat future disasters
The program design is multifaceted, covering various aspects like disaster preparedness, mitigation, capacity building of communities and local government and promoting livelihood activities. It enables conceptual understanding, practical experience sharing and adoption of need based modules and actions. The program design is based on ICECD’s experiences in working extensively with vulnerable groupsthat faced disasters like droughts, earthquakes, cyclones and floods. ICECD has developed innovative modules of economic rehabilitation, disaster mitigation and gender sensitive capacity building for livelihood that have been successful and sustainable.
The program will encompass the following:
- Conceptual framework on “Disasters and conditions created by disaster at social, economic, psychological and political levels
- Managing speedy psychological recovery and rebuilding hope and confidence to regain what has been lost
- Disaster Mitigation: Approaches and Actions
- Managing crisis through collaboration, association, federation and other collective efforts
- Significance of Gender issues during and after disaster
- Need based micro level livelihood/ employment options and implementation strategies
- Economic empowerment through developing capacities for employment/self employment activities
- Rainwater harvesting and restoration of drinking water and water harvesting structures
- Evaluating impact and developing a participatory monitoring system
- Enabling organizations to look beyond misery and destruction and prepare a viable action plan
Policy makers, representatives of International/Donor agencies, NGOs and Community Based Organizations can participate in this course. Organization/individuals, striving to evolve innovative actions and programs for disaster mitigation are fit to apply. Government departments or disaster management wings of the government will benefit from participation in this course.
Participants will get an opportunity to
- Acquire skills and knowledge to design and implement livelihood strategies and modules for disaster victims
- Visit disaster affected area/projects in India and share experiences of experts, government agencies and communities. Access to successful case studies and innovative mitigation projects
- Opportunity to prepare long term plans for disaster preparedness, mitigation and capacity building
- Duration: 3 Weeks
- Fees: US $2000