The concept of sustainable livelihood attempts to go beyond the conventional definitions and approaches to poverty eradication since they only took into account very specific aspects of poverty like low income and failed to consider the other more essential aspects of poverty like vulnerability and social exclusion. Thus the concept of sustainable living takes into account a more integrated approach to poverty.

The concept of sustainable livelihood was first introduced by the Brundtland Commission on Environment and Development and expanded later by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). A livelihood is sustainable when it can endure or recover from shocks and stresses and maintain its capability to utilize material and social resources to earn a living, both at present and in the future.

To resolve the problems faced by poverty stricken people, volunteerism among local communities is required. It includes empowerment, capacity building and training. ICECD is a pioneer in sustainable livelihood training programs. One of its prominent works was in training the earthquake hit community at Kutch to be self reliant.

Case in point

Self Employment Program for Entrepreneurship Development

On the basis of several years of experience of developing programs for industrial entrepreneurs, the following program has been developed by ICECD for inculcating the qualities of industrial entrepreneurship in people and creating opportunities for new jobs for them. The purpose of the training is to make the people economically competent.

The program comprises of a 3 tiered training component:

  1. Pre Training
  2. Training
  3. Post Training

Pre Training

ICECD conducts self employment awareness camps for dissemination of employment and self employment followed by selection of persons for training.


  • Business Idea Generation
  • Feasibility of Selected Business
  • Product Pricing
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Preparation of a Business Plan
  • Establishing the Business

Post Training

Hand holding and sustained support for self employment and employment of participants.